Unforgettable General Goybet's Red Hand Division
Signed Henry Goybet , author of this site, great grand son of General Mariano_Goybet commander of the 157 th Infantry Division (France) of the French army who participated in the First World War . This division was known when two regiments of African Americans (( 371 th US Infantry Regiment and the 372 th (including units of the National Guard 2 )) the "integrated it as the 157 th Red Hand Division (Red Hand Division) .This division, alongside the IV th Army , in the Champagne offensive , despite heavy losses, broke the German front in front of Monthois during the Combats du at . The three regiments are decorated with the war cross as well as many individual soldiers. the African-American Freddie Stowers will receive for his bravery the Medal of Honor , the highest distinction in the United States .
General Order No. 245
“The red hand division during nine days of violent fight was always an exceptional model for the victorious advance of the fourth army.
Dear Friends of America you will be back home to the other side of the ocean, don’ t forget ‘’ The Red Hand Division. ‘’ .”
“Our friendship has been cemented in the blood of the brave and such a link will be never destroyed Remember your General who is proud to have commanded you and be sure of his endless recognition. .”
General Goybet commanding the 157th Division
Perry Lester Miles
Colonel in command of the 371st Regiment
Under orders of the General Goybet’’s 157th Red Hand Division
After the war with the regiment ‘soldiers went on to be brothers in arms with General Goybet
The 371st Infantry was organized
Colonel Perry L. Miles assumed command of the regiment
It was not until early in October that the first considerable body of recruits was received. By
Under a staff of French officer instructors and interpreters the 371st Infantry was reorganized on the French plan, soon after its arrival in
It remained in line for over three months, holding first the Avocourt and later the Verrières. subsectors (northwest of
During the fighting between September 28 and
For its action in the
The correspondence of General Perry Miles, who was colonel, commanding the 371st regiment for my great Grandfather, talking about the flag entrusted to his regiment and its gallant chief General Mariano Goybet . Letter of 13 November 1933 which allows us to see what this flag became after the war.
" ' Of course we thought of you and talked to you many times during our Annual Dinner . We had our program signed by all those present . Here it is. " '
" ' It is decorated with reproduction of your flag division that you have so graciously offered. They were very proud of the red hand and remain proud of their service in the 157th French Division and their leader distinguished ' Our general. "
" ' This year some of our officers have traveled over 700 miles to reach Washington and attend our meeting. "
"With the best congratulations and appreciation for your friendship and how you have commanded us . " '
"I am your friend and admirer . "
Signed Perry Miles .
I scan the letter, the program and the reproduction of the flag seals and signatures of the fighters and sends Lindsay Luray Associate Producer with a copy of the family book .
It is clear that a key letter to solve the mystery of belonging and becoming the Pennant . Over what symbol with the signatures of soldiers on the program. Henri Goybet
JIM BALL AND RICHARD FORD
PASSION FOR 372st R.I U.S. 157è RED HAND DIVISION
Some of the members of our living history group. I am on the left of the group and Richard Ford, who is also the unit commander, is on the right. The photo was taken last year at the Ceasar Krauss Memorial WW1 Site in
About Mariano Goybet
Happy New Year, Thanks you very much for the image . It along with the other information you had mentionned are all of use to us in our resarch . WIth your permission, I would like to give copies to Richard and the other members of our group . One of the things we are looking for is a photograph of your great –grand father, we have never seen any image which has been positively identified as him. Do you a photo of him ?
You had asked about how Richard and I came to be interessed in the Red Hand Division .Rick’s great uncle was in Co. A 372nd Infantry . I have always been interessed in our local (DC, Maryland , Virginia ) National Guard , and have been researching them for over 20 years . I gave Rick his first information on the 372 Nd in 1989, when he was forming a WW1 Living History group in honor of his ancestor. He has benn researching the regiment and division ever since . When he decided to write the book he asked me to team up, with him for the project .
As far as any museum wich remembers the 372ND and the Red Hand , I am disappointed to say that there is none . Changing that situation is one of our goals . We have made contact with a number of descendants of Red Hand men and will begin efforts toward having a monument placed in their honor . As our recreated unit and our descendant contact list grows we will be better able to get the message out there and help get the Red Hand the recognition they earned . The book will go along way toward that end .
I am sorry for not replying sooner end of senester then the holidays have kept busy . I hope you had a good Christmas . When will you be in the US ?
Richard and I would like to meet you if possible . Please let me know .
Thanks again ., I hope to hear from you soon
CAPTAIN ANNE CLARKSON AND THE RED HAND FLAG
During World War I, General Goybet commanded the French 157th Red Hand Division which consisted of the French 333rd infantry regiment and the American 371st and 372 regiments. The two African-American regiments fought bravely and were awarded the Croix de Guerre, and several men received both the French Legion of Honor and the American Distinguished Service Cross. Freddie Stowers of the 371st was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. The 372nd was one of the oldest African-American units in the country dating back to the Civil War with a lineage including the Monumental City Guards and the First Separate Company. The General's flag has red/white/red stripes whereas the Division flag has blue/white/red stripes.
Letter from Anne Clarkson, sent to Henri Goybet Presenting her special symbolic gift carved in a pipe made from the bone of a dear, about 371st and 157th Red Hand Division commanded by general Goybet
Hello my brother.
It’s a new year and a beautiful one here in the
I wanted to let you know that you are a very important person in my life now and I do consider you a member of my extended family . So in honor of that I have made for you a special gift.
My family is much like your, we are very interested in our family genealogy and we know that are several Native Americans in the family . My great Grandmother, on my mother’s side, who apparently I look like, was a Croatan from Coastal shores of the
I have carved the 371st and the 157th INF on the bone as well as your name and WWI, that is because those are the things that brought us together. I also put my initials and 1/09 on it to commemorate the date.
Have a wonderful year brother and write soon, your sister,
PS - Please don’t smoke it ;)
LETTER FROM RUSSEL WOLFE 12/11/2007
SPECIALIST IN MILITARY AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY
HE PARTICIPATED TO THE RED HAND FLAG MOVIE
My cousin, Bennie Simmons served under your great-grandfather as a Platoon
Commander in CO B, 371st INF and was 100% disabled during the
offensive. I have been researching the 371st since the early 1970s when
Bennie's widow gave me his unit history and other items. Since then, I have
met descendants of other unit members and try to spread the word on the 371st
and their heroic service with the famed 157th DIV.
I have attached a photo that I think you would appreciate.
I hope that we can correspond and provide each other with additional
Information on the 157th DIV.
157 Th Division ceremony